Kulup Hint Horoz
Onwards the 11th century the Great Seljuk Turkish Empire ruled what is know today as Turkey, Iran and Iraq. In the 13th century the Seljuk empire was succeeded by the Ottomans. By 1453 the Ottomans under Mehmet the Conqueror were strong enough to take Constantinople. Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent (1520-66) oversaw the apogee of the empire: beautifying Constantinople, rebuilding Jerusalem and expanding the Ottomap to the gates of Vienna. But few of the sultans succeeding Süleyman were capable of great rule and the Ottoman Empire's long, celebrated decline had begun by 1585. By the 19th century, decline and misrule made ethnic nationalism very appealing. The subject peoples of the Ottoman Empire revolted, often with the direct encouragement and assistance of European powers. After bitter fighting in 1832, the Kingdom of Greece was formed; the Serbs, Bulgarians, Rumanians, Albanians, Armenians and Arabs would all seek independence soon after. In WW1 Turkey took side of Germany. Ottoman general Mustafa Kemal organised a fierce resistance defeating the Allies at Gallipoli. Greece invaded Smyrna and Turkey fought its Independence war lasting from 1920 to 1922. Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk or Father Turk) restyled Turkish society. Many cultural changes have found place chaning the country in a modern state. Atatürk remains a true hero in Turkey, and there are laws against defaming or insulting him
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Turkish Gamefowl & The Sport
The Turks have a long tradition raising and pitting gamefowl. In Turkey there is one breed dominating Turkish pits. Its the socalled "Hint Horoz". This name clearly indentifies the origin of this gamefowl breed Hindustan, the Turkish word for India. The Hint Horoz looks like a large Aseel, slender in type and pretty agile too. Fights are organised in almost every Turkish town and very big tournaments are organised in Istanbul, Izmir, Adana, Alanya, Antalya, Trabzon and other big cities. Since the 1950's Turkish guestworkers working all over Europe imported a lot of Asian gamefowl breeds like: Aseel and Shamo into their own country. These were partly crossed into the domestic "Hint Horoz" gamefowl. But a lot of Turks still stick to their beloved "Hint Horoz". Birds are pitted in endurance fights with naked heels as Islamic faith forbids any additions made (like artificial weapons) causing bloodshed. A lot of "Hint Horoz" are -exported- to Cyprus (Turkish & Greek territory), Greece, Russia and Balkan states.
A display of a domestic "Hint Horoz" gamefowl.
(left) picture by Abdulkadir Temel - Turkey (middle 1) picture by Kampfhuhn DE - Germany (middle 2) picture by Werner Lamkemeyer - Germany (right) picture by Konstantin Dibighev -Russia.
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